I would understand Arab DNA in the Philippines, since they did trade there and there is a Muslim population in the country, but haplogroup J1 is more common in Arab populations and I’m haplogroup J2, which is found in many Jewish populations (23andMe says, “the movements of Phoenicians and other ancient seafarers, the expansion of Ancient Haplogroup G seems to have had a slow start, evolving somewhere in West Asia in isolation for tens of thousands of years, G did not participate in the earlier colonization of Eurasia. Haplogroup J2: A recent study by Semino et al is one of the best sources of information about haplogroup J. According to some studies this lineage J-M102, appears in north Ossetia, Georgia. The distribution of mt-haplogroups J1b and J1d are reminiscent of those of Y-haplogroup J1 and J2 (mtDNA J1d being closer to Y-DNA J2). For anyone scientifically interested in paternal lineage J2, J2a, J2b, etc. Haplogroup C-M217 is mainly found in indigenous Siberians, Mongolians and Oceanic populations. Quite a few ancient Mediterranean and Middle Eastern civilisations flourished in territories where J2 lineages were prevalent, such as the Etruscans, Minoans, Ancient Greeks, Phoenicians and Israelites. Haplogroup J2 in South India / Tamil peoples 2nd July 2007, 02:37 PM A significant presence of J2 (J2b2+J2a) was also detected in western and south-western India (the highest being 21% among Dravidian middle castes, followed by upper castes, 18. Apr 30, 2016 · Haplogroup J-P209 was found to be more common in India's Shia Muslims, of which 28. J2a1-M158 has been found in Anatolia, Iberia, Pakistan and India. 56. 2006), which indicates that it was not a Y-haplogroup of the original Paleolithic population of India. The map below shows the spread of J2. 7% in J-M410, 10. Haplogroup J2 is observed in Middle East region and in India is linked to early Neolithic migration and to some extent to historical migration of Muslim Shia population group. In human genetics, the haplogroups most commonly studied are Y-chromosome (Y-DNA) haplogroups and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups, both of which can be used to define genetic populations. 2006, Thamseem et al. It has Email this Article Two main subclades within Haplogroup J exist; J1 and J2. [32] The high variance of J2b2 in South Asia indicates a probable pre-Neolithic migration. A new study in Nature on haplogroup J2 structure in India, and pre-historic inferences (open access). Jan 24, 2006 · Similarly, haplogroups C3, D, N, and O specific to Central Asian (36%) and Southeast Asian populations (subclades of haplogroup O; 85%) are virtually absent in India (Fig. Haplogroup L is found mainly in India and Pakistan, as well as in the Middle East and, very occasionally, in Europe, particularly in Mediterranean countries [68,71]. (19) defined, heuristically, a package of haplogroups (J2, R1a  Mutation m. Set in relation with the number of Neolithic samples which are majority Y-DNA haplogroup G, J2 gets something like < 10% of the share. Haplogroup J2 frequency is higher south Indian middle castes at 21%, followed by upper castes at 18. 89%, the Dravidian speaking Brahui's at 28. 6% in J1 and 4. Some Israelite STR markers were identified in J2 such as a limited amount of Kohenim. It is associated with many Bronze & Iron Age ancient civilizations from the Mediterranean to India. ^ Haplogroup K2e (K-M147) was previously known as K2a and "Haplogroup X". Among caste groups, the highest frequency of J2-M172 was observed among Tamil Vellalar's of South India, at 38. 2006). J2 or J-M172 haplogroup, is divided into two main branches about 27,800 years ago, the J-M102 the one Javier belongs to, and the J-M410 which is the other major branch of the family tree. Haplogroup J-P209 was found to be more common in India's Shia Muslims, of which 28. Haplogroup T is found at its highest rates amongst some populations in East Africa and India. Its present geographic distribution argue in favour of a Neolithic expansion from the Fertile Crescent. Jan 15, 2016 · Haplogroup F also known as F-M89 and its sub-clades compose of more than 90 % of the male population including almost everyone outside Africa. 11778G>A Exists on Diverse Mitochondrial Haplogroups in India haplogroup J and the reported increased clinical penetrance with the J2  6 Nov 2005 More fascinating is the finding that the main haplogroup distinguishing the northern Indian brahmins from the lower castes is J2 (referred to as  Another 20. Its age is between 23,700 and 32,900 years (Behar et al. 7%. Out of 3023 samples, 355 chromosomes belonged to J2-M172 HG (Supplementary Table S1 and Supplementary Table S2). According to current theories, Haplogroup I first arrived in Europe around 20,000-25,000 years ago from the Middle East. 6% in J-M267 and 4. The first letter indicates the major group, while other letters and numbers are used for more recent changes in the DNA. In genetic genealogy and human genetics, Y DNA haplogroup J-M267, also commonly known as haplogroup J1, is a subclade (branch) of Y-DNA haplogroup J-P209 (commonly known as haplogroup J) along with its sibling clade Y DNA haplogroup J-M172 (commonly known as haplogroup J2). Origins and history of Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA) Sep 10, 2015 · Haplogroup J1 is not a Semitic haplogroup in origin. As with other populations with Mediterranean ancestry this lineage is found within Jewish populations. Northeast India because of the dominance of haplogroup O there (Fig. Haplogroup DE ("father" group of E & the obviously non-Hebrew group E) branched off separately from Haplogroup CF way before Haplogroup IJ (and its two "sons" Haplogroup I & J) came to be distinctive haplogroups that rooted from Haplogroup CF, not DE. 0). If you are male, the Paternal Haplogroup Report provides information about your Y-chromosome haplogroup, which we also call a "paternal haplogroup" because it is passed down from fathers to their A Y-chromosome study by Shah et al. Haplogroup R-M124, along with haplogroups H, L, R1a1, and J2, forms the majority of the South Asian male population. 2 and Fig. April 4 at 4:20 AM · "IVLS09KT Mäletjärve, Tartu, 1570–1600 AD H2a1 J2b2" / Three EstMA individuals belonged to hg N3a, two to hg R1a and one to hg J2b. Y-haplogroup R1a1* has a widespread distribution and high frequency across Eurasia, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, with Dec 01, 2012 · However, the associated high frequencies and haplotype variances of HGs H-M69, F*-M89, R1a1-M17, L1-M27, R2-M124 and C5-M356 within India, have been interpreted as evidence of an autochthonous origins of these lineages during late Pleistocene (10–30 Kya), while the lower frequency within the subcontinent of J2-M172, E-M96, G-M201 and L3-M357 As genetic study of man (R1a, J2, O2a), cow, mouse, pig, goat, rice and barley all gravitate towards India, there should be no doubt now that farming and Aryan languages originated and spread from India. Apr 16, 2017 · Haplogroup J2a-M410 in India was found to be largely confined to the castes[20] with no occurrence in the tribals, but a new study has found it at higher percentages (10%) among the Tharu indigenous people of Terai, Nepal. I would really like to see more detailed studies, with larger sample sizes, from Afghanistan and Iran. Matrilineal Judaism which considers paternity irrelevant to Jewish In fact, haplogroup J2 is also present in Pakistan, which is the region that appears to have the greatest diversity of haplogroup L Y-chromosomes. A family member that would have the same Y-chromosome as you has taken a Y-chromosome test. 6%, and lower castes 14%. , haplogroups E1b1b1a1b-V13, G2a-P15, I-M258, J2-M172 and R1-M173), on the other hand, were also detected in both groups, but at varying frequencies. 10-15%), although it appears at low frequencies (2-4%) also in the Northern part of the Middle East (Iran, Turkey, Armenia, Kurdistan, but apparently not so much among the Arabs) and possibly in Central Asia Apr 09, 2020 · Scientists use letters and number to identify different haplogroups. In 1998, Y chromosome of the chemist Sir John Anthony Pople, who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry is a haplogroup J2b1 (J-M205) (Note 1). It is further divided into two complementary clades, J2a-M410 and J2b-M12. . ^ K-M2313*, which as yet has no phylogenetic name, has been documented in two living individuals, who have ethnic ties to India and South East Asia. The second lineage was of Middle-Eastern origin represented by haplogroups J2*, Shia-specific E1b1b1, and to some extent G* and L*. Sep 19, 2015 · Haplogroup J1, which is also known as M267, is a subclade of Y-DNA haplogroup J-P209 (Haplogroup J). The age of Z8429 diversification is estimated by YFull to 2900 ybp and members of this haplogroup are from Western Europe, Northern Europe, Tatar Russia as well the Jewish groups from Europe and India. The J2 subclade is abundant in India (2-20%), and its frequency peaks in the Northwest region. I was curious to know if I should consider his Y “J” as being that as the same of my X “J”. Sengupta et al, in 2005 worked to explain the presence of M172 in India. It, with its introduction, may Aug 30, 2011 · Haplogroup J2 J2 originated in Eastern Anatolia, and spread westward to western Anatolia and southern Europe, and eastward to Persia and India. [31] In India, the J2 haplogroup is almost absent from tribals. Haplogroup C-M217 is the most widespread and frequently occurring branch of the greater (Y-DNA) haplogroup C-M130. This project is an attempt to trace the history of Syrian Christians of Kerala geneologically and Paternal Haplogroups - Haplogroup Inheritance Paternal haplogroups are families of Y chromosomes defined by specific sets of shared genetic variants. Four of these (E3b, G, J1, J2, and Q) were part of the ancestral gene pool from the Middle East, whereas R1b and certain R1a sub-lineages are from Europe and may have incorporated into the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Among caste groups, the highest  In Human Genetics, J2 haplogroup (AKA J-M172) is among the most frequent Y The J2 subclade is abundant in India (2-20%), and its frequency peaks in the  The third was the indigenous Indian Y-lineage represented by haplogroups H1*, of its unique Y-lineage E1b1b1 and the high frequency of haplogroup J2☆. But it is mostly associated with Northwest Asia. If you know any SNP from this subclade you can use the SNP Lookup. Haplotype J is a haplogroup common in Europe. In human genetics, Haplogroup J2 (M172) is a Y-chromosome haplogroup which is a subdivision of haplogroup J. The phylogenetic analysis revealed 13 paternal lineages, of which six haplogroups: C5, H1a*, H2, J2, R1a1* and R2 accounted for a major portion of the Y Haplogroup R1b is the most common haplogroup in Europe and is especially common along the Atlantic coast (reaching more than 80% of males in Ireland and parts of Spain). Why is the Whit Athey's Haplogroup Prediction different from Ancestry. I Haplogroup I dates to 23,000 years ago or longer. [Show full abstract] contributed to the higher castes in India. Today it is most prevalent (90%) among the However, elevated haplogroup diversity and FST value point towards greater diversity and differentiation which suggests the possibility of early demographic expansion of the study groups. 4% in J2b. The potential clines centered on North India (R1a), Northwest India (J2), South India (H), and East India (R2), identified in Fig. [12] Haplogroup J2 frequency is higher among south Indian middle castes at 21%, followed by upper castes at 18. Subclades. For example, the infamous Celt, Niall of the Nine Hostages, is known to be the originator of a sub-group of a haplogroup within the past 1500 years, and some people can use their sub-group to prove their ↑ Haplogroup K2e (K-M147) was previously known as "Haplogroup X" and "K2a" (but is a sibling subclade of the present K2a, also known as Haplogroup NO). The area of Karachi was known to the ancient Greeks by many names: Krokola, the place where Alexander the Great (Macedonia Haplogroup J2 is a subclade of haplogroup J. 9% of the Y-Chromosomes typed. ^ Haplogroup K2b1 (P397/P399) has a complex internal structure, which is broader than the former Haplogroup MS. 18% and the Makrani Balochs at 24%. This connection is supported by its age (8,500 +/- 3,500 thousand years ago) , which is very close to the beginning of the Neolithic, its distribution, which is centered in West Asia and Southeastern Europe, as well as its association with the J2. Haplogroup J2. The J1 subclade accounts for nearly 70% of the total J population; however, the J2 subclade is 10,000 years older than J1. Haplogroup J2 is thought to have appeared somewhere in the Middle East towards the end of the last glaciation, between 15,000 and 22,000 years ago. Recommended haplogroup research projects. U Roostalu, I Kutuev, E-L Loogväli, E Metspalu, K Tambets, M Reidla, EK Khusnutdinova, E Usanga, T Kivisild, R Villems, Origin and Expansion of Haplogroup H, the Dominant Human Mitochondrial DNA Lineage in West Eurasia: The Near Eastern and Caucasian Perspective, Molecular Biology and Evolution, Volume 24, Issue 2, February 2007, Pages 436 Oct 14, 2012 · In Northern India, 28. Cultural Anthropology of Haplogroup J2. 723), but higher than Indo-European speaking populations (0. 000 years ago, and is ancient than the origination of Semitic people. Haplogroup J2 has been shown to have Haplogroup J2 is widely believed to be associated with the spread of agriculture from the northern Fertile Crescent, the Levant, and Anatolia [2], [3]. The history of the simplistic ‘haplogroup R1a — Indo-European’ association This is a series of posts I wrote at the end of 2017 / beginning of 2018, to answer the wrong assumptions I could read in forums and blogs. As shown in the chart, the polymorphism found to be most significantly related to longevity within J is C150T and as shown below, that polymorphism value is also an indicator for J2. Ancient Indians: Indo-European invaders were mostly R1a with some G2a, J2, R1b and R2; they interbred with the pre-existing communities of India, represented by haplogroups C5, F, H and L. 12 Jan 2016 The global distribution of J2-M172 sub-haplogroups has been associated with Neolithic demic diffusion. The J2a subclade is present in the Middle East and Southcentral Asia (~4%), the latter of which includes India and Nepal. " April 30, 2016 at 11:14 AM Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA) A major West Asian and Greco-Roman paternal lineage. Haplogroup J2 is a major West Asian and Greco-Roman paternal lineage. J1; J1b; J1b1 : an Indo-European subclade, found in Anatolia, Central Asia, India and most of Europe; J1b1a : found in Europe, the Caucasus and India The J-M172 haplogroup, also called J2-M172, is an ancient haplogroup estimated as first appearing 24,000 to 19,000 years ago but perhaps earlier. Seemingly the center of the J2b2 activity, the Balkan peninsula is the home of the Greeks, Macedonians, Thracians and to a lesser extend the Illyrians. 3A). May 01, 2009 · In human genetics, Haplogroup R-M173 is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup, a subgroup of haplogroup R, associated with the M173 mutation. The highest frequencies of haplogroup M are shown in Melanesia, being restricted to the geographical distribution of Papuan languages [74–76]. Indian mtDNA haplogroups ; Haplogroup (Bold denotes India and British Isles) Percentage M 51% U: Haplogroup C-M39 For more details on this topic, see Haplogroup C-M217 (Y-DNA). Consider the paternal haplogroup E. J2 is by far the most common  demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup Two branches of J2-M172, J2a-M410 and J2b-M102 make a considerable part  A maternal haplogroup is a family of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) that traces back to a single common ancestor. [Phylogenetics 2] J-M172 originates between the Caucasus Mountains, Mesopotamia and the region just north of Arabia known as the Levant. Haplogroup I is a branch of haplogroup F*. Haplogroup J2 originated in the northern portion of the Fertile Crescent particularly in Anatolia where it later spread into Europe during the Neolithic period (~5,000 years ago)and throughout central Asia, the Mediterranean, and south into India which saw the spread of soil cultivation, crop production and the raising of livestock. 772) was found to be comparable with Dravidian speaking populations (0. 7% belong to haplogroup J, with 13. Within India, J2a is more common among the upper castes and decreases in frequency with the caste level. فارسی: مناطق انتشار هاپلوگروپ j2-m172. It is believed to be associated with the Gravettian culture. The hotspot between India and Qatar would be the area around the modern town of Karachi (Pakistan). La Réunion. It is one of the most ancient Y-DNA haplogroups. 5A). This connection is supported by its age (8,500 +/- 3,500 thousand years ago) , which is very close to the beginning of the Neolithic, its The first was a Central Asian lineage harbouring haplogroups R1 and R2. Jan 04, 2013 · Frequencies of J2-M172 were very high, at 30% in the Gardman Region of present day Azerbaijan and 29% in the Lake Van region of eastern Turkey. A single P279 haplotype (J2a3), an extremely rare sublcade of J2 was also observed. 7% of the Shia Muslim population belongs to haplogroup J It is also highly frequent among Jews , especially the Kohanim line (46%) [ This is of the Sephardim “J” of Sippar, Sumer of the Chaldeans. 7% of these Vellalars carried the Y-DNA haplogroup J2-M172. 9% of fhe genetic variation in Indian males is described by haplogroups L-Mll, J2-M172, 03e-M134, K2-M70, F-M89 and C-RPS4Y?n, while the. There are two major divisions of the E haplogroup, E1 and E2. 4% in J2b . Today, haplogroup J1 is mostly seen in Caucasia, Mesopotamia, Levant and Arabian Peninsula, but it is also present moderately or slightly in Turkey Overall Haplogroup J2 in India represented 9. Recently, it has been detected in skeletal remains from Southwest Iran [my note: that was U7a] dated ~six thousand years ago (kya) [34] as well as in Aug 16, 2009 · Note: J2 is not Semitic but Phoenician, which was a mixture of Semitic and Hamitic. History and description of Haplogroup J2 (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. The authors observed the E1b1a1-M2 haplogroup, which is frequent among Bantu peoples, in about 42% and 34% of Siddis from Karnataka and Gujarat, respectively. Within E, the haplogroup E1b1b1 was found among members of the "Armenian DNA Project". The corresponding value for the Balkan populations sampled by Bosch et al. A human haplogroup is a group of characteristics studied in human genetics and increasingly useful for genealogy. ” "Y-haplogroup L [otherwise cassociated with Africa] is common (around 15%) in India (in particular the South) and in Pakistan (ca. ^ Haplogroup K2e (K-M147) was previously known as "Haplogroup X" and "K2a" (but is a sibling subclade of the present K2a). It says he belongs to : J2a1 x J2a1-bh (23) -->(100. Thus, if the late arrival of J in Europe is associated with the expansion of Neolithic farmers from the Near East (see above), it is more plausible that its sub Your terminal subclade is the most specific branch of your haplogroup that your paternal lineage belongs to. J2 is small and seen in Southeast Europe and Anatolia. Haplogroup L and Druze: According to DNA testing, Druze are remarkable for their high frequency (35%) of The conclusion was drawn on the basis of: i) presence of this haplogroup in many of the tribal populations such as, Saharia (present study) and Chenchu tribe in high frequency, ii) the highest ever reported presence of R1a* (ancestral haplogroup of R1a1*) in Kashmiri Pandits and Saharia tribe, and iii) associated averaged phylogenetic ages of Jan 23, 2017 · The study of the genetics and archaeogenetics of the ethnic groups of South Asia aims at uncovering these groups' genetic history. Note how J2 originated in the middle east and then spread along the seacoast. 1% of this very populous nation. Haplogroup IJK is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. Its direct descendants are haplogroup IJ and haplogroup K. C3 STR variance in J2 chromosomes in Turkey is 0. Ironically, the name is supposed to be a mark of respect, having been derived from Syed (Respectfully Sir!). D migrated back to North East Africa where Haplogroup E was created in Ethiopia. J2 lineage is also found in SW India with an interesting frequency trend: a higher fraction of J2 in the higher castes and decreasing amounts in lower castes. For instance Haplogroup J2 came from Middle East , Haplogroup O came from South East Asia (Ex : Mundas are of a even recent origin. It is traced to prehistoric times, nearly 32. PLoS ONE 9(3 Aug 01, 2012 · C151T can be found in the Middle East, South India and Europe. J2-M172 Y-DNA; J2 Middle East. There are Indian haplogroups. He turned out to be L, a rather uncommon haplotype in Europe that is found mainly in India and Pakistan but also in some Middle Eastern populations (such as Turkey) from where it could have spread to Central Europe in pre- or early-historic times. The split between J1 and J2 must also have occurred among the sons of Shem, otherwise almost all people in haplogroup J descend from only two of Shem's sons. * Mt-Haplogroup K arose out of U8, and is found throughout the whole of Europe and western Asia to India. Haplogroup J2b2 M241 Balkans Greece Y-DNA Haplogroup J2b2 M241 Geno 2. The highest frequency of the I Haplogroup can be found in Scandinavian and Croatian populations. J2 This lineage originated in the northern portion of the Fertile Crescent where it later spread throughout central Asia, the Mediterranean, and south into India. This can be explained by  6 Nov 2008 Haplogroup J2 is found mainly in the Fertile Crescent, the Haplogroup J2a- M410 in India is largely confined to the upper castes with little  31 Mar 2011 Now, in India there are Y-chromosome haplogroups of clear Near Eastern origin: those belonging to the J2-M172 clade. Haplogroup L (Y-DNA) Geographic distribution – Haplogroup L is found mostly in West Asia and South Asia. Mar 20, 2020 · In human genetics, Haplogroup J-M172 or J2 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup which is a subclade (branch) of haplogroup J-M304. A large percentage have also done the BigY700 or have done SNP (mutation) testing to identify their exact branch under L24. European genetic signatures (i. They are known as Siddis in India, while in Pakistan they are known as Sheedis. 500 years ago (YFull, 2015). ” Haplogroup E : “Most members of haplogroup E-M96 [. In eastern Europe, it is frequently associated with Slavic populations. Haplogroup diversity (0. J1d4 has even been found among Indian Brahmins. 17 Jun 2009 Y haplogroup J2* (M172) which is prevalent in Pakistan and north and west India represents a West Asian contribution to the genetic diversity  25 Jun 2017 Haplogroup R1b: “It is the most frequently occurring paternal lineage in Western Europe and as far east as Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. Your maternal haplogroup 8 May 2017 DescriptionJ2-Y-DNA-Haplogroup-Map-J2-M172-Map-J2-Haplogrubu-Haritasi- v3. IJK is a primary branch of the macrohaplogroup HIJK. Haplogroup J2a-M410 in India was found to be largely confined to the castes[20] with no occurrence in the tribals, but a new study has found it at higher percentages (10%) among the Tharu indigenous people of Terai, Nepal. The main spread of J2 into the Mediterranean area is thought to have coincided with the expansion of agricultural peoples during the Neolithic period. J2 Q R1a1: R R1b1a2 R2 T1 mtDNA haplogroups. The global distribution of J2-M172 sub-haplogroups has been associated with Neolithic demic diffusion. Sengupta's paper broke down the frequencies of Haplogroup J2 into various caste and language groups. J2 is non-existent in Ethiopia. There are two ways to learn your Y-haplogroup. J2 is by far the most common variety in Europe. I am R1b-M343 (the very primordial form of Ydna that most western Europeans possess) R1a in India is largely R1a-Z93. Findings of world’s oldest farming sites from Ganga Valley (India) have only supplied the missing link in the story of evolution of farming. Re: J2 haplogroup Indo Europeans did carry some J2 in all likelihood, maybe not J2b specifically. These similarities suggest that South India may have been one of the contributors to the proto-Romanis. ] Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA): Sir John Anthony Pople (subclade J2b1): was theoretical chemist, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in the year 1998. Listed here are notable groups and populations from South Asia by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. And I am not R1a. The most probable situation is that first the mutations that define the haplogroup IJ occurred in Shem and after that his first son was born. Two branches of J2-M172, J2a-M410  In human genetics, Haplogroup J-M172 or J2 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup which is a J2 is present in Indian tribals too and has a frequency of 11% in  Haplogroup J2 frequency is higher south Indian middle castes at 21%, followed by upper castes at 18. Citation: Khurana P, Aggarwal A, Mitra S, Italia YM, Saraswathy KN, et al. Typically, modern populations of the southern Middle East (especially Arabic-speaking ones) have a higher frequency of the related haplogroup J1, whereas the great majority of Haplogroup J representatives among the populations of the Northern Middle East, Lebanon, Europe, and India belong to the subclade J2. 6% in Dravidian upper castes, 14% in Aryan upper castes, 2% in tribes; Sengupta et al. Haplogroup R1a, or haplogroup R-M420, is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup which is distributed in a large region in Eurasia, extending from Scandinavia and Central Europe to southern Siberia and South Asia. 5% — it is most common among north Scientists discover Y-DNA haplogroups J2 and L1a among the  28 Apr 2012 Indian J2a. It is associated with many Bronze and Iron Age ancient civilizations from the Mediterranean to India. The term "haplogroup" covers all biology, but in this wiki (and, to some extent, in Wikipedia, such as the bulk of the Wikipedia:haplogroup article) it is generally used to mean "human haplogroup". This lineage colonized New Guinea, Australia, and north Asia, and currently is found with its highest diversity in populations of India. Y-DNA haplogroup J evolved in the ancient Near East and was carried into North Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India. Lanka Ranaweera, Supannee Kaewsutthi, Aung Win Tun, Hathaichanoke Boonyarit, Samerchai Poolsuwan, and Patcharee Lertrit. [25] The frequency of J2 is higher in South Indian castes (19% to 34%) than in North Indian castes (11% to 27%) or Pakistan (12% to 24%). The Tatar as well the Indian presence is interesting and rises the question to which culture this haplogroup belonged. 5,6-7%) (Cordaux et al. Haplogroup C originated in southern Asia and spread in all directions. Date, 8 May . The geographic position of India makes Indian populations important for the study of the early dispersal of all human populations on the Eurasian continent. It is the most common haplogroup in Europe and a subgroup For example, haplogroup J2 was highest in Shia Muslim group along with E1b1b1 haplogroup; the latter is a Shia specific haplogroup, as other groups lack this haplotype. Although you can have the CMH in either J1 or J2, it is the genetic signature in J1 that is considered the Jewish priestly signature. Haplogroup J2 is widely believed to be associated with the spread of agriculture from the northern Fertile Crescent, the Levant, and Anatolia , . Eastern Europeans and British Asians from India and Pakistan share the same haplogroup called R1a-M17. Corresponding areas between Geno 2. R2: Haplogroup R2 originated in South Asia and is generally found in Central Asia, Turkey, Pakistan, and India. Haplogroup T is rare almost everywhere in Europe and reveals older gene flow (40 thousand years ago). Apr 24, 2013 · Some Great New Info Shared by Robert H. Mar 14, 2015 - History and description of Haplogroup J2 (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. Participant 20653 subsequently had his haplogroup tested. The significant presence of J2 (J2b2+J2a) in India (18. The following table needs updating, as of May 2010. [12] J2: rs2032604 (M172) G T G J2a: N/A; J2a Projects. Among inhabitants of South India, 31 men from the Tamils' Vellalar caste and 29 men from the Tamils' Pallan (Pallar) caste were tested. J2 lineages originated in the area known as the Fertile Crescent. The paragroup for the R-M479 lineage is found predominantly in South Asia, although deep-rooted examples have also been found among Portuguese, Spanish, Tatar (Bashkortostan, Russia), and Ossetian (Caucasus) populations ( Myres 2010 ) harv error: no target: CITEREFMyres2010 ( help ) . J-L24 (J2a4h) J2a-PF5197/Z2397 H This haplogroup is nearly completely restricted to India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ^ Haplogroup K2b (M1221/P331/PF5911) was previously known as Haplogroup MPS. Average frequency of J Haplogroup as a whole is highest in the Near East (12%) followed by Europe (11%), Caucasus (8%) and North Africa (6%). The Capelli study found J2 in modest proportions in Great Britain, ranging from zero in Ireland, the Orkneys, northern Scotland and the Hebrides - to 7 percent in Pitlochry. The FTDNA Finland DNA project has 3 individuals with mtDNA haplogroup U7 N28814 Finland, Hailuoto E11886 Margaretha Pehrsdt Koivu, 1671-1766, Haapavesi 75837 Susanna Henrikintytär,1696-1785,Kalajoki,Finland All three have the Finnish specific A16166- deletion. May 18, 2017 · Map of the distribution of Y-DNA haplogroup T in Europe. 6%. However, the highest frequency (F) of  The J-M172 haplogroup, also called J2-M172, is an ancient haplogroup his descendants did not all stay, instead migrating east toward what is now India, and  This marker has been carried by traders into Europe, central Asia, India and While both J1 and J2 are found in the Near East, Haplogroup J1-M267 is found  23 Dec 2017 In India, it has a frequency of about 17. Some haplogroup sub-groups can even be traced back to named individuals if the mutation that created them originated in the more recent past. 5A, are illustrated by the distribution maps (Fig. See Y-DNA haplogroup projects for a full list of J2a projects. Jan 24, 2013 · Question: My husband’s FTDNA Y haplogroup (37 markers) test results as J-M172 (also known as J2-M172). 0 J2b2 Y-DNA Heat Map and Indo-Greek territory in Pakistan and India. First appeared in N. Further, observation of R1a1* in different tribal population groups, existence of Y-haplogroup R1a* in ancestors and extended phylogenetic analyses of the pooled dataset of 530 Indians, 224 Apr 28, 2012 · Haplogroup J2a-M410 in India was found to be largely confined to the castes[20] with no occurrence in the tribals, but a new study has found it at higher percentages (10%) among the Tharu indigenous people of Terai, Nepal. The darker green color indicates higher numbers of men with J2. J2a1-L84 is a minor subclade detected in the  24 Jan 2006 Departing from the “one haplogroup equals one migration” scenario, Cordaux et al. Jul 31, 2018 - History and description of Haplogroup J2 (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. (All these haplogroups have had other historical names listed below. E haplogroups are historically found in Africa. Haplogroup R1b and its subgroups are predominantly found in western Europe and the British Isles. is 0. Haplogroup R2 Project at FamilyTreeDNA I: Haplogroup I dates to 23,000 years ago or longer. In human genetics, Y DNA haplogroup J1, also known as J-M267, is a sub-haplogroup of Y DNA haplogroup J, along with its sibling clade Y DNA haplogroup J2. " Haplogroup J2 is a major West Asian and Greco-Roman paternal lineage. Our analysis based on Y chromosomal UEPs apportioned the study samples into 13 haplogroups representing 10 major Y lineages (C5, H1a*, H2, R1a1*, R2, J2, L1, F*, K* and Q3) in India. More on R1a1 age and haplogroup J2 in upper caste Hindus A reader has brought to my attention a paper which appeared in 2001 in the Indian Journal of Genetics , and which is quite interesting for the discussion of the origins of haplogroup R1a1, as well as for the problem of the genetic makeup of the Proto-Indo-Europeans. 0 heatmap analysis - Balkans, Greece. Haplogroup J in India A new study in Nature on haplogroup J2 structure in India, and pre-historic inferences (open access). The third was the indigenous Indian Y-lineage represented by haplogroups H1*, F*, C* and O*. In Pakistan, the highest frequencies of J2-M172 were observed among the Parsis at 38. Africa about 45,000 years ago and is believed to exhibit a “second-wave” of expansion exiting Africa. J2a-M410(xM67) was the most frequent haplogroup subclade observed. Haplogroup J2 has been shown to have a more J2 or J-M172 haplogroup, is divided into two main branches about 27,800 years ago, the J-M102 the one Javier belongs to, and the J-M410 which is the other major branch of the family tree. (2011) tested Siddi individuals in India for paternal lineages. Of the two main sub-groups, J1 takes up four-fifths of the total and is spread on the continent while J2 is more localised around the Mediterranean, Greece, Italy/Sardinia and Spain. You have taken a Y-chromosome test. report two haplotypes #145 and #166 that occur in 19 and 17 cases, and may represent a founder effect in specific populations. H, L, J2 respectively) were found in this sample set of. It came up with no hits. A. Haplogroup R1a and its subgroups are predominantly found in eastern Europe and in western and central India and Asia. 2004, Sengupta et al. 0 heatmap analysis - Indo Greek. It is quite clear that haplogroup J2 and haplogroup L are both present in common among many Haplogroup L1 is the most common L lineage in India (Specially South India), it exists all over India and also areas near by such as Pakistan, it also reaches all the way to Iran then fades away, haplogroup L3 is most common in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and the northern parts of India, this lineage also exists in Iran and fades away Y haplogroups What follows is the first in a series of two essays, covering human haplogroups, their origins and current distributions. J2 is present in tribals too and has a frequency of 11% in Austro-Asiatic tribals. The first J2-M172 man was a member of the J-M304/P209 haplogroup, and almost certainly lived in Southwestern Asia, most likely the region of east Anatolia and south Caucasus. View Y-DNA Haplogroup J2-M172's most interesting Flickr photos and videos on Fluidr. ” Haplogroup J2: “It is found in Western Asia, Central Asia, South Asia,  or Indian haplogroups (such A, B, E1, E2, E3a or C, F,. Lineages not in branches I1a, I1b or I1c are found distributed at low frequency throughout Europe. It is found in major parts of Asia, (Western, Central, and South), in Europe and North Africa as well. J2 haplogroups found among Armenians include J2a*, J2a3, J2a4, J2a4a, J2a4b, J2a4b1, J2a4d, J2a4h2, J2a4h2a, J2a4h2f, J2a4h2g, J2b*, and J2b1. Haplogroup J2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. 6, which is published as supporting information on the PNAS web site). Haplogroup J-M172 is common in modern populations in Western Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Europe and North Africa. Anzick Provisional Extract, Estes 2014. 4% in J2b (Eaaswarkhanth 2009). Its spread within South Asia is very extensive, ranging from Baluchistan in the west to Bengal in the east; Hunza in the north to Sri Lanka in the south. Therefore it is common in that area but also in the Caucasus, Southern and Southeast Europe and with a lower freuqncy in Northern Africa and Western Asia. 6%, and lower castes 14%; Sengupta et al. the haplogroup J2 is about 18. Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) J is a Middle Eastern haplogroup, divided into the northern J2 and the southern J1. 12 Jan 2016 PDF | The global distribution of J2-M172 sub-haplogroups has been associated on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2- M172 haplogroup. It is dominated in modern populations by two Eurasian clades, R-M240 and R-M343, which together are found all over Eurasia except in Southeast Asia and East Asia. The R1b tribe originally migrated to Europe from West Asia from 4,000 BCE and the Indo-Europeans have shared ancestry that can be traced back to North India, which is why the Spaniards and some Europeans without Scandinavian admixture are physically similar to Asians. It was brought to Europe by neolithic and later migrations from the Middle/Near East. ) Although I've made the title broad to include a wider gathering of Levant-based J2a folks, the majority of members of this group are in the J2a4h (L-24) haplogroup and match significantly on 37, 67 and/or 111 markers. J2 is related to the Ancient Etruscans, (Minoan Haplogroup J2 has 1,956 members. The location of this lineage’s rise to expansion was observed … Cultural Anthropology of Y-DNA Haplogroup J2 +M172. Sanders Y-DNA Haplogroup J2 M172 - Roman Empire While it has been said before in forums, chats and websites on the internet that the J2 Frequency Map for Europe shows a resemblance to the borders of the Roman Empire, i have never seen an actual image comparing the two. Haplogroup J2 reflects presence from neolithic period in South Asia. Aug 04, 2013 · Ancient Assyrians: mostly J2, as well as R1b (20-40%), with some J1, E1b1b, G and T. ] are found almost exclusively in Africa. D originated in East Asia. The report just said he belonged to Y DNA Haplogroup J2. 0 J2b2 Y-DNA Heat Map and Greek, Macedonian and Thracian territories in he Balkan Peninsula. But if J2a-M410 comes  10 Feb 2018 The basal haplogroup J*(xJ1, J2) is found at its highest frequencies Within the Indian subcontinent, J2a peaks at frequencies of 15-25%  7 Oct 2015 EB-16138 Cochin-Jewish India [3]. J1 J1b J1b1 : an Indo-European subclade, found in Anatolia, Central Asia, India and most of Europe In the study of molecular evolution, a haplogroup is a large group of haplotypes, which are series of alleles at specific locations on a chromosome. 684) in Jan 12, 2016 · J2-M172 composition in India: two brother clades. png. The samples are taken from individuals identified with linguistic designations (IE=Indo-European, Dr=Dravidian, ST=Sino-Tibetan, AA=Austro-Asiatic), the third column gives the sample size studied, and the other columns give the percentage of the particular haplogroup. My Full Spectrum MtDNA (FTDNA) is J2b1a1. The presence of haplogroup L is quite rare among tribal groups (ca. 7% in J2a-M410, 10. The lineage is thought to have emerged in West Asia around 45,000 years ago . e. The frequency is around 10-15% in India and Sri Lanka and 7-8% in Pakistan . The Indo Europeans had 20% teal component from the Caucasus which became diluted after moving west and mixing with different groups, in the Caucasus the most frequent haplogroups are J2, G2a, J1, and R1b. J1 seems mostly in Middle East and Caucasus, and lightly on Europe and South/Central Asia. , 2012b). Spread of Haplogroup C-M217 in Indigenous populations. ↑ Haplogroup K2b1 (P397/P399) is similar to the former Haplogroup MS, but has a broader and more complex internal structure. Only haplogroups J2 and R1a have interregional frequency patterns west of India with J2 being most common in Afro-Asiatic-speaking (and IE-speaking) populations of the Sep 26, 2008 · Y-DNA haplogroup J evolved in the ancient Near East and was carried into North Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India. Haplogroup E1b1b1 was observed in Shias only. Of special interest are the maps that show the geographical distribution of several J subgroups. Familytree - Syrian Christians DNA Project Information : Kerala, South India is one of the cradles of Christianity in the world. According to several studies, J1 seems This question requires a clear and in-depth Knowledge base and Understanding of the Haplogroups J1, J2a and J2b (from I-J Timeline) as depicted on EACH individual Phylogenetic Tree. Haplogroup J2 is widely believed to be associated with the spread of agriculture from Mesopotamia. Haplogroup J2 is thought to have appeared in the Middle East between 15,000 and 22,000 years ago. Men with this type of Y DNA share a common paternal ancestry, which is demonstrated and defined by the presence of the SNP mutation referred to as M267, which was announced in Cinnioğlu et al. It is thought that this Haplogroup might have originated among the Caucasus Mountains, the Levant, and … Apr 23, 2013 · Y-DNA Haplogroup J2b2 M241 Geno 2. Typically, modern populations of the southern Middle East (especially Arabic-speaking ones) have a higher frequency of the related haplogroup J1, whereas the great majority of Haplogroup J representatives among the populations of the Northern Middle East, Europe, and India belong to the subclade J2. It is quite possible that these empires aided the dissemination of Haplogroup J. Now about 2,5 % of the World population has this haplogroup. Please, also note that Bosch et al. Dec 09, 2016 · Seven Y chromosome major branches (E3b, G, J1, J2, Q, R1a1, and R1b) that are prevalent among Ashkenazi Jews. We could not find any J*-M304 and Oct 15, 2016 · Haplogroup J2 (M172) is a major subclade of Major Haplogroup J (P209). The prediction result is displyed below. 684) in Dec 26, 2018 · Haplogroup E comes from D/E. G1 and G2 entered Europe in Neolithic times in several waves, together with J1 and/or J2. Now i took the results to Whit Athey's Haplogroup Prediction site. 000 years old and probably originated in northern Mesopotamia. Ancient Arabs: mostly J1, with smaller percentages of J2, E1B, R1, T and G. (2004). The highest concentrations are in northeast and central Europe, Anatolia and southern Saudi Arabia. 38. Fluidr makes it easy to view photos and videos on Flickr using continuous pagination which essentially means that you can view hundreds of photos and videos without ever having to click on a 'next' link. Nov 26, 2008 · The presence of Haplogroup J2 in India, including the subclades M410 and M241 has been an often overlooked clue to the origins of M172. Sep 18, 2013 · Cherokee and Huron and PeeDee and Panama and Manitoba and Alaska and Mi’kmaq and Puerto Rico and Mexico and Cuba and Nicaragua and Kuna-Panama and Cree and Chippewa and Guatemaula and Brazil and British Colombia and Honduras and Choctaw found in the Haplogroup A project at Family Tree DNA. Haplogroup H is one of the main genetic hallmarks of India, and its members are believed to be responsible for the first major settlements there around 30,000 years ago. In human genetics, Haplogroup J-M172 or J2 [Phylogenetics 1] is a Y-chromosome haplogroup which is a subclade (branch) of haplogroup J-P209. Apr 07, 2017 · This haplogroup is characterized by generally low population frequencies and limited sequence diversity, despite a geographic distribution ranging from Europe to India [14,16,25,27,30,31,32,33]. According to geneticists, no more than 90% of existing human mtDNA and yDNA haplogroups has been precisely identified. However. Haplogroup J2: “It is found in Western Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Europe and North Africa. In Pakistan, M172 accounted for 11. Haplogroup J was found to be even more common in India's Shia Muslim community, of which 28. Given that G (Anatolia) was at the contact zone to J2 (Caucasus, Iran), this neighborhood is a natural reason for a negligible (< 10%) contribution to the Neolithic. Might be a reason why Emperor Ashoka hated them) Haplogroup L is of suspect , though there is evidence on both sides of Indian origin or foreign origin. (2014) Y Chromosome Haplogroup Distribution in Indo-European Speaking Tribes of Gujarat, Western India. St Thomas the Apostle, is believed to have brought christianity to Kerala and this region is suppposed to have christianity before most parts of Europe and the world. Haplogroup M173, associated with the descendants of the first waves of humans into Europe (often seen as a branch of the Cro-Magnon haplogroup M343, or R1b), is widespread in Sicily and indeed across Europe, where many English (including some 70% of Englishmen in southern England) and French share it. 52, precisely as originally reported by Cinnioglu et al. We made so far 3 bigY tests in J2-L192 Haplogroup from the following clusters: Msaken Tunisia(cluster1), Syrians christians of Kerala India(cluster2) and Anatolian-Armenian-Kurdish-Jordanian(cluster 3) The results showed that The Cluster 2 and cluster 3 share a common SNP not found in cluster 1: SNP FGC30635 Haplogroup J2 originated in the northern portion of the Fertile Crescent where it later spread throughout central Asia, the Mediterranean, and south into India. In the "Armenian DNA Project" there are members of the haplogroup branches J1*, J1c3d, and J1c3d1. Even without comparing in detail to the other J2b or J2a haplogroups the lack of presence in Middle East is  30 Aug 2011 Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) J is Originally from Eastern Anatolia, divided into the northern J2 and the southern J1. Their paper provides an immediate acknowledgement of the proposed spread of proto-Elamo-Dravidian speaking peoples into India originating Haplogroup J consists of an ancestral form (J*) and two subgroups – J1 and J2. We have included the most common (modal) values of R1b in the last row for comparison purposes, which is shaded gray where it differs from the first (yellow) group of Bachmann Haplogroup R-M479 is defined by the presence of the marker M479. 2006) must be of a very early date, because “Indian J2 is not accompanied by its ‘loyal fellow-traveller’ E3b1 that penetrated to the Near East from North Africa after the end of the Ice Age and is Haplogroup J2a-M410 in India was found to be largely confined to the castes[20] with no occurrence in the tribals, but a new study has found it at higher percentages (10%) among the Tharu indigenous people of Terai, Nepal. Haplogroup H is also prevalent among the Romani people, or Gypsies. You are presuming something that doesn’t make sense. In Pakistan E3b1, is the principal Haplogroup originating out of East Africa, occurring at 1% incidence, while E3a is found at 0. Haplogroup J1 separated from haplogroup J approximately 31. com report?. I am a so called “upper caste” Hindu. Therefore, Haplogroup E1b1b (E-M35) must come from converts. However J2 is not Semitic and should not be confused or combined with J1. Ongoing research will likely show that the Haplogroup J population of northern Italy has a higher percentage of J2 than that of southern Italy. Haplogroup E1b1b / E3b (Taurisci,Turani,Taurini. (Y-DNA / Y-chromosome, not to be confused Mar 10, 2014 · Our analysis based on Y chromosomal UEPs apportioned the study samples into 13 haplogroups representing 10 major Y lineages (C5, H1a*, H2, R1a1*, R2, J2, L1, F*, K* and Q3) in India. Haplogroup C is found throughout mainland Asia, the south Pacific, and at low frequency in Native American populations. Anatolia is most likely the source of this subclade in India, again consistent with the West to East flow of J2. haplogroup j2 india

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